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National Mission on Himalayan Studies

Implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC)
Nodal and Serving hub with G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment & Sustainable Development

Broad Thematic Area 7: Handling of Hazardous Substances

Development is quintessential for the human civilization growth, but this should not be achieved at the cost of the environment. Recent extreme climatic and anthropogenic impacts felt across the difficult States of the Indian Himalaya have raised an alarm for deciphering and implementing proactively the suitable types of the development with negligible impact on the human as well as environment. To save the Himalaya environment, a variety of strategies are being called up to deal with solid and hazardous waste with an emphasis on producing less waste and pollution by way of adopting the basic three R’s principle: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. “Hazardous wastes” mean any waste which by reason of any of its physical, chemical, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive, or corrosive characteristics causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or when in contact with other wastes or substances. In many cases, this is because of a lack of knowledge about hazardous waste risks and/or result from the unsafe or improper handling of equipment as well as from improper work practices. Therefore, it needs to be monitored and controlled from the moment the waste is generated until its ultimate disposal. Moreover, efficient handling and the safe management of hazardous wastes also require an expertise in the skills and techniques of the latest innovations, which in turn are often based upon baseline data and local experiences in the region. In addition, capacity building and awareness programme concerning about hazardous wastes and its precautionary measures need to be disseminated as widely as possible. Under the NMHS, following 02 projects are ongoing, which are directly addressing the key issue “Handling of Hazardous Substances”.

IHR States Covered -03 (Uttarakhand, Meghalaya and Assam)

Overall Objectives

Environmental monitoring of coal mining areas in north-eastern State and technology development for treatment of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) and restoration of coal mine affected areas in two (2) States viz., Meghalaya and Assam;
Synthesis of ‘Graphene’ from the plastic waste for the energy and biomedical applications;
Conversion and collection of fuel from the plastic waste for the automobile and other similar industrial applications using the same, by using specially design multipurpose incinerator (furnace);
Processed semi liquid plastic to be utilized for making additives for high standard concrete;
Conduct the awareness programs at the various region of project site to aware the community of that site about the hazardous effect of plastics by NGO.

Ongoing projects 02 (LG-01; MG-01)

FY 2015-16: 02
1 Technology development, management, and long-term monitoring of shifting cultivation and coal mining in north-eastern India.
2 Environmentally sustainable smart synthesis of carbon-nano material along with the production of high value added fuel and additives for the concrete mixture from waste plastic, hazardous waste around the Himalayan region.

Measurable Targets up to 2020

Monitoring Indicators

No of new methods for waste hazardous waste management in the Himalaya
No. of Policy drafts and other knowledge products developed.
No. of Stakeholders benefitted (No. of rural youth, No. of women, and total no. of Beneficiaries);
No. of Capacity building programmes conducted.

Alternate Model Development for Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)
New optimized method to synthesize CNMs, value added fuel and concrete at very low prices.
Quantity of solid waste processed per day. .
Municipality/Community groups will be trained.
10 Awareness camps/programs will be organized.
Achievements till date ...

Alternate model development for AMD has been initiated in 3 selected sites: Mawblang and Khulia villages (Meghalaya) and Batt village (Arunachal Pradesh).
The SWAYMBHU-WRM-2021 (recycling machine) has been installed for mass scale production of Graphene and Graphene oxide sheets.
One (1) Innovative technology has been developed for utilizing secondary stage plastic (semi liquid plastic) for making additives for high standard concrete at laboratory scale.
01 Patent on process of manufacturing ‘Graffine’ by using waste plastic.
15 Awareness programs on “Plastic Jagrukta Abhiyan” have been conducted in Nainital and Pithoragrah districts.
Three (03) workshops have been organized on solid waste management.
Total 14 research papers (4 Journal and 10 conference proceeding) have been published.

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Last Updated on: 26.03.2019