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National Mission on Himalayan Studies

Implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC)
Nodal and Serving hub with G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment & Sustainable Development

The Indian Himalayan Region – The Target Area

With geographical coverage of over 0.53 million km2 area, the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) constitutes nearly 17% of country's geographical area and contributes greatly to richness and representativeness of its biodiversity components at all levels (i.e., genes, species and ecosystems). Although the region represents only about 4% of total human population of the country, it exhibits great diversity of ethnic groups (e.g., 171 out of a total 573 reported scheduled tribes in India), often inhabiting remote and inhospitable terrains. The diversity of biophysical features in IHR is adequately represented through representation of 3 bio-geographical zones and 9 bio-geographic provinces (Table).

Table: Diversity of biophysical features in IHR
Bio-geographic Zones Bio-geographic Provinces % of geographical area of India Major Biome Representation
Trans Himalaya 1A: Ladakh Mountains 3.3 Tundra
1B: Tibetan Plateau 2.3 Alpine
1 C: Sikkim Trans Himalaya < 0.1 Alpine, Tundra
The Himalaya 2A: North west Himalaya 2.1 Alpine, Temperate, Sub Tropical
2B: West Himalaya 1.6 -do-
2C: Central Himalaya 0.2 -do-
2D: East Himalaya 2.5 -do-
Northeast India 9A: Brahamputra Valley 2.0 Tropical Evergreen Forest, Very Moist Sal Forest, Tropical Grass Lands
9B: Northeast Hills 3.2 Tropical evergreen, Tropical Moist Deciduous, Subtropical, Montane Temperate, Wetlands
Source: Rodgers and Panwar, 1988; Rodgers et al., 2000 (Wildlife Institute of India).





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The jurisdiction of the Scheme thus extends across IHR, which includes 10 Himalayan states fully (viz., Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and uttarakhand) and two states partially (viz., hill districts of Assam and West Bengal) (Figure).



Figure: Map showing jurisdiction area of the NMHS – IHR States[including 10 states fully: AP- Arunachal Pradesh, HP-Himachal Pradesh, J&K - Jammu & Kashmir, MN- Manipur, MG- Meghalaya, MZ- Mizoram, NG- Nagaland, SK- Sikkim, TR- Tripura and UK-Uttarakhand, and 2 states partially viz., hill districts of Assam and West Bengal